By Kirschkamp A.
Corporations have to establish dangers and probabilities of environmental alterations on the way to adapt to or most likely even to steer them. Early caution which contains scaning and interpretation performs an enormous position during this method. while the conventional contingency method considers early caution as part of the organizational constitution, the prolonged contigency conception assumes the extra impact of an individual's character on early caution.
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Extra info for A Contigency-Based View of Chief Executive Officer's Early Warning Behavior: An Emirical Analysis of German Medium-Sized Companies
173 An exemplary model of organizational learning is the 4I model, developed by CROSSAN et al. 175 These two steps are similar to the two steps scanning and interpretation of DAFT and WEICK. Next, CROSSAN et al. 178 The final step is institutionalization and takes place on the organizational level. ” 179 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 See Huber (1991), p. , Farace and MacDonald (1974), p. 2ff. and Daft and Weick (1984), p. 285. See Huber (1991). See Crossan, Lane and White (1999). For an empirical validation of the model see Crossan and Berdrow (2003).
Brandstätter (1997), p. , Eisenhardt and Schoonhoven (1990), p. 520f. and Rauch and Frese (2000), p. 130ff. See Bobbitt and Ford (1980), p. 13ff. See Meyer and Starbuck (1992), p. 102ff. 34 Contingency Theory as an Approach to Explain Early Warning Behavior Part C similar results. 230 Empirical evidence about the influence of individual managers was also provided by examples of new CEOs and their influence on the organizational structure. 231 These new CEOs for example introduced divisional structure.
See Hickson, Pugh and Pheysey (1969), Child and Mansfield (1972) and Woodward (1975). For an overview of possible contingency variables see Kieser and Kubicek (1992), p. 224 and Kieser (1999), p. 175. See Gerdin and Greve (2004), p. 304ff. , p. 304. See Burns and Stalker (1961). See also Lawrence and Lorsch (1967), Bourgeois, McAllister and Mitchel (1978) and Argote (1982). 30 Contingency Theory as an Approach to Explain Early Warning Behavior Part C aligned with organizational size. 203 3) WOODWARD finds that the degree of task routine has a positive influence on the degree of bureaucracy and hierarchy.