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A Social History of France, 1789-1914 by Peter McPhee PDF

By Peter McPhee

This quantity offers an authoritative synthesis of contemporary paintings at the social heritage of France and is now completely revised and up-to-date to hide the 'long 19th century' from 1789-1914. Peter McPhee bargains either a readable narrative and a particular, coherent argument approximately this century. McPhee explores issues reminiscent of peasant interplay with the surroundings, the altering event of labor and relaxation, the character of crime and protest, altering demographic styles and relatives constitution, the spiritual practices of employees and peasants, and the ideology and inner repercussions of colonisation.

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Extra resources for A Social History of France, 1789-1914

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First, by 1778 Voltaire and Rousseau were dead and the Encyclopédie, the greatest product of the philosophes, had been completed. Secondly, the philosophes themselves were generally far from radical in their political programme and their work was often patronized and read – even written – by nobles and clergy, such as Mably, Condillac, Raynal and Turgot. Finally, insofar as their work was bought, it was Rousseau’s romantic novel, La Nouvelle Héloïse, rather than his Du contrat social, which seemed to have an audience.

This was a Catholicism of hell-fire, damnation and fear, taught by a seminary-trained, austere and often ‘outsider’ clergy (40 per cent of priests were recruited in towns) taught to mistrust the secular and 20 A SOCIAL HISTORY OF FRANCE, 1789–1914 profane. In the 1780s, Yves-Michel Marchais, the priest of a devout western parish, insisted to his congregation: The joys, the pleasures, the happiness of life are always dangerous and almost always fatal; the games, laughter, and amusements of the world are like the mark of damnation and are gifts given to us by God in his anger.

On 17 June, the third estate claimed that ‘the interpretation and presentation of the general will belong to it … . ’ Three days later, finding themselves locked out of their meeting hall, the deputies moved to an indoor royal tennis court and, with only one dissenting voice, insisted by oath on their ‘unshakeable resolution’ to continue their proceedings wherever necessary. The third-estate deputies’ resolve was sustained by the steady trickle to their ranks of some of the 208 parish priests who numerically dominated the firstestate representation.

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