By Donald Denoon
While it got here in September 1975, Papua New Guinea’s independence was once marked via either nervousness and elation. within the euphoric aftermath, decolonisation was once declared a triumph and instant occasions appeared to justify that self belief. by means of the Nineteen Nineties, even if, occasions had taken a flip for the more serious and there have been doubts in regards to the ability of the kingdom to operate. prior to independence, Papua New Guinea was once an Australian Territory. accountability lay with a minister in Canberra and providers have been supplied by way of Commonwealth businesses. In 1973, top Minister Gough Whitlam declared that independence will be accomplished inside of years. whereas Australians have been united of their wish to decolonise, many Papua New Guineans have been anxious of independence. This superlative background provides the entire tale of the ‘trial separation’ of Australia and Papua New Guinea, concluding that — given the intertwined heritage, geography and economies of the 2 neighbours — the decolonisation undertaking of ‘independence’ continues to be a piece in development.
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Extra info for A Trial Separation: Australia And the Decolonisation of Papua New Guinea
Douglas Oliver, Bougainville: a Personal History, Melbourne, 1973, pp. 150–3; Alexander Mamak and Ahmed Ali (eds), Race, Class and Rebellion in the South Pacific, Sydney, 1979. 38. Max and Eleanor Rimoldi, Hahalis and the Labour of Love: a social movement on Buka Isand, Oxford, 1992; Oliver, Bougainville: a Personal History, Chapter 8; Elder, ‘Bougainville Background’. 39. 67/3861, Assistant District Commissioner’s report to his Director, October 18, 1968. 40. 68/4999, Territory Intelligence Committee Paper 3/68, September 12, 1968.
These friendly meetings usually proposed minor reforms, but, in 1960, the UN General Assembly created a parallel Decolonisation Committee (the Committee of 24) to help dismantle all colonial relationships. The Committee of 24 embodied African and Asian sentiment, and was surprised that colonial rule in the Pacific was seldom challenged. Only a handful of member states of the South Pacific Commission were independent, and the Commission (unlike the Organisation for African Unity) was a mainly technical body, exchanging information and insights among the colonial powers.
10. Stewart Firth, ‘Colonial Administration and the Invention of the Native’, in Donald Denoon, Stewart Firth, Jocelyn Linnekin, Karen Nero and Malama Meleisea (eds), The Cambridge History of The Pacific Islanders, Melbourne, 1997. 11. Papua New Guinea National Archives, Department of Information and Extension Services (DIES) file ES/59/103, minutes of the Central Advisory Committee for the Education and Advancement of Women, ninth meeting, October 8, 1959. Rachel Cleland, Pathways to Independence: Story of Official and Family Life in Papua New Guinea from 1951 to 1975, Perth, 1983.