By Jan Faye
The philosophy of the humanistic sciences has been a blind-spot in analytic philosophy. This ebook argues that via adopting a suitable pragmatic research of rationalization and interpretation it really is attainable to teach that clinical perform of humanistic sciences will be understood on related traces to medical perform of normal and social sciences.
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Additional info for After Postmodernism: A Naturalistic Reconstruction of the Humanities
From the dawn of the Enlightenment, dualism was an important ontological foundation for humanistic research, because, as Descartes pointed out, extended nature and consciousness appear immediately differently for the reflexive reason. Moreover, Descartes believed that we have immediately and incorrigibly knowledge of our own thoughts, whereas our knowledge of the external world is fallible and mediated through sensation and perception. Our knowledge of our mind is epistemically prior to our knowledge of the external world.
Both perspectives overlook the constitutive role that human language and history play, and how these two formative features are interconnected. A consistent sociological perspective is purely synchronous; it sees human nature as shaped by the actual functional requirements of the established social order. Conversely, the biological perspective is admittedly diachronic, but the sort of explanations given refers to that of the human species, not the human history associated with language as a carrier of cultural tradition, social negotiations, and political strife.
So I do not deny that science may be able to explain the rise of art, film, literature, etc, in terms of what these forms of artistic expression do to us, based on evolutionary biology, as Denis Dutton, among others, has recently claimed in his book The Art Instinct. Works of art, for instance, generate aesthetic feelings of beauty, harmony, and pleasure, or emotions of horror, anxiety, and relief in the spectator. Such basic feelings and emotions undoubtedly have a biological origin and it is quite conceivable that one day evolutionary biology may be able to tell us what it is.