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Download e-book for kindle: An Introduction to Modern Social and Political Thought by Andrew Gamble

By Andrew Gamble

This publication is a concise consultant to the most doctrines and tendencies in Western social and political notion because the French Revolution. truly and easily written, the e-book comprises short biographical info of significant person thinkers in addition to an annotated bibliography which supplies suggestions to additional examining.

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In the Christian tradition with its deeprooted conception of original sin, not only the senses but the mind also could be a source of temptation and had to be mastered. The modern concept of revolution and the idea of progress that is so closely tied to it, break decisively with the pessimistic outlook of the two main strands in traditional Western culture. It is often argued that this new direction for Western thought originated in the two complex historical movements in the period 1400 to 1600 which have acquired the labels of Renaissance and Reformation.

What the term bourgeois revolution came to signify, is not a straightforward duel between a landed aristocracy and an industrial bourgeoisie with clearly opposed economic interests, but a long-drawn-out conflict within the ranks of the property owners, a conflict in which the participation of other classes was often crucial. Its eventual outcome was to make the economic, social, and political conditions of existence of the bourgeoisie predominant in every social formation of the West. Wealth was enthroned, privilege cast down, and a new mobile, restless, aggressive, competitive, and individualistic economic system began to emerge.

The world of work and the social relations that defined it had to be reorganised before new ideas and new techniques could make their major impact. Political changes often appear sharp and discontinuous, while economic and social changes evolve gradually and at times imperceptibly. There is no single moment when capitalism suddenly arrives or is established. Yet in a longer perspective it is still the rapidity of the change and the magnitude of the watershed which has been crossed that stand out.

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