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New PDF release: Ancient Health: Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and

By Mark N. Cohen, Gillian M. M. Crane-Kramer

Twenty years in the past Mark Nathan Cohen coedited a set of essays that set a brand new average in utilizing paleopathology to spot traits in future health linked to alterations in prehistoric know-how, economic system, demography, and political centralization. Ancient healthiness expands and celebrates that work.
 
Confirming previous conclusions that human overall healthiness declined after the adoption of farming and the increase of civilization, this publication vastly enlarges the geographical variety of paleopathological stories by means of together with new paintings from either confirmed and up-and-coming students. relocating past the western hemisphere and western Eurasia, this assortment comprises stories from Chile, Peru, Mexico, the U.S., Denmark, Britain, Portugal, South Africa, Israel, India, Vietnam, Thailand, China, and Mongolia.
 
Adding nice value to this quantity, the writer discusses and effectively rebuts the arguments of the "osteological paradox" that lengthy have challenged paintings within the quarter of quantitative paleopathology, demonstrating that the "paradox" has a long way much less that means than its proponents argue.

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Additional resources for Ancient Health: Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and Economic Intensification

Example text

We can see only a few infectious diseases in bone, and these diseases—apart perhaps from dental caries—are not the ones most relevant to food production. There was once a consensus that tuberculosis was an introduced disease and that Native Americans were uniquely genetically susceptible to TB infection and TB mortality. High TB rates in reservation populations were seen as evidence for a so-called virgin-soil epidemiology, part of a dogma that the New World was once a disease-free eden, isolated from the infected and infectious Old World (see, for example, Hrdlička 1932).

1 for a summary of periods for the sites discussed in this chapter). Cahokia—a site comprising over one hundred mounds, palisades, and many satellite communities—was the largest prehistoric settlement in North America north of Mexico. It is situated at the north end of the American Bottom, a wide floodplain lying east of the Mississippi River and extending one hundred kilometers south from present-day St. Louis, Missouri; it was at its height between 1000 ad and 1250 ad (Milner 1998). Its chronology is complicated by the persistence of Woodland adaptations in Cahokia’s hinterlands.

Our goals are explicitly different from those of Steckel and Rose. We believe that standardization of techniques across workers may be impossible to achieve fully even when guidelines are provided (see, for example, Jacobi and Danforth 2002; Jacobi et al. 2004). We prefer to rely more on the standardization implicit in having the same individual or team doing the scoring within a defined region. Also, we argue that comparisons within one geographical area are more valid than those applied cross-regionally that have problems of greater genetic and environmental differences between populations and greater chance for interobserver error.

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