By Ruth Harrison
A reprint of a booklet initially released in 1964, with new contributions environment a latest context. the unique ebook is made out of 10 chapters protecting and describing the equipment of extensive farming of fowl and farm animals in the course of the Nineteen Sixties. It was once geared toward growing know-how in regards to the creation of animals lower than man made and destructive stipulations that be successful in factory-like installations. concentration is given on broiler chickens, chook packing stations, battery birds, veal calves, foundation of caliber, volume as opposed to caliber and animal cruelty and laws. to be had In Print
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The chicken would have no possibility of damaging its neighbours and could still manage pellets of food. How it would drink is not described. Another idea, adopted by the Japanese, and not without a droll touch of humour, is to provide the chickens with spectacles. Tinted red, they are intended, by neutralising the colour, to prevent the bird pecking at the red combs of its fellows. Since in this country dim red lighting is used anyway for the overall environment, the spectacles are superseded by blinkers, also attached to the beak, which prevent the bird seeing to either side.
This can be convincingly demonstrated by the existence of an order of rank, known to animal psychologists as the ‘pecking order’. Every poultry farmer knows that, even among these more stupid inhabitants of the poultry yards, there exists a very definite order, in which each bird is afraid of those above her in rank. After some few disputes, which need not necessarily lead to blows, each bird knows which of the others she has to fear and which must show respect to her. Not only physical strength, but also personal courage, energy and even self-assurance of every individual bird are decisive in the maintenance of the pecking order.
Animal Production 48, 419–425. H. (1965) The assessment of pain and distress in animals. Appendix III. R. (Chairman) Report of the Technical Committee to Enquire into the Welfare of Animals Kept under Intensive Husbandry Conditions. HMSO, London. Toates, F. and Jensen, P. (1991) Ethological and psychological models of motivation: towards a synthesis. A. and Wilson, S. (eds) Farm Animals to Animats. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp. 194–205. ANIMAL MACHINES The New Factory Farming Industry This page intentionally left blank Animal Machines The New Factory Farming Industry Ruth Harrison Foreword by Rachel Carson This page intentionally left blank Foreword The modern world worships the gods of speed and quantity, and of the quick and easy profit, and out of this idolatry monstrous evils have arisen.