By Robert L. Winzeler
Drawing from ethnographic examples discovered in the course of the international, this revised and up to date textual content bargains an creation to what anthropologists understand or take into consideration faith, how they've got studied it, and the way they've got interpreted or defined it because the past due 19th century. Robert Winzeler’s balanced attention of vintage themes, uncomplicated suggestions, and new advancements within the anthropological learn of faith strikes past cultural anthropology and ethnography to assemble info from actual anthropology, prehistory, and archaeology. Written as a worldly yet obtainable therapy of the problems, Anthropology and Religion is a key textual content for upper-division classes.
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Extra resources for Anthropology and religion : what we know, think, and question
Both terms came to be regarded as pejorative and ethnocentric and went out of use after the 1960s. However, their passing created the problem of how to refer to the kinds of religions, cultures, and societies that had formerly been referred to as primitive or savage. “Small-scale” is probably the preferred term, but it may be misleading if it is applied directly to religion (as in “small-scale religion” rather than the “religion of a small-scale society”). , in present-day news stories about Iraq), or other social divisions of large and complex societies.
Anthropology and Religion 17 Ancient Religions Ancient religions belonged to past civilizations. They include the religions of the pre-Christian Greeks and Romans and the Egyptians in the times of the pharaohs and the religions of the pre-Columbian Aztec, Maya, and Inca. In much of the world the religions of these past civilizations have been replaced by or absorbed into succeeding religions (see below). This did not occur everywhere. In India and China the religions of antiquity continued to exist—though not in an unchanging form—to be supplemented rather than replaced by later religions.
They also include pilgrimages (though religious as opposed to secular pilgrimages are far less important in the United States than in some countries, including many Western ones) to sacred places, the performance of penance, and acts of charity. ” It would not be difficult to give a similar summary of the transcendental dimensions of the religious beliefs and activities of other religions, especially the other world religions, though many things would be different. For example, religion as most Westerners practice it does not include blood sacrifices or the ritual killing of animals as offerings to spiritual beings, but animal sacrifice is very important in some non-Western religions, as was human sacrifice in some ancient religions.