By Takeru Akazawa, Kenichi Aoki, Ofer Bar-Yosef
During this interesting quantity, the center Paleolithic archaeology of the center East is delivered to the present debate at the origins of sleek people. those accumulated papers assemble the main updated archaeological discoveries of Western Asia - a zone that's frequently overshadowed through African or eu findings - however the merely area on the earth the place either Neandertal and early smooth human fossils were discovered. the gathering contains experiences on such good identified cave websites as Kebara, Hayonim, and Qafzeh, between others. The info and interpretations on hand listed below are a needs to for any critical researcher or pupil of anthropology or human evolution.
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Extra resources for Anthropology Neanderthals and Modern Humans in Western Asia
Williams, V. Din, and C. Hawkesworth. 1996. New Late-Pleistocene uranium-thorium and ESR dates for the Singa hominid (Sudan). Journal of Human Evolution 31:507–l 6. , H. Valladas, O. Bar-Yosef, B. Vandermeersch, C. Stringer, and J. L. Joron. 1993. Thermoluminescence date for the Mousterian burial site of Es-Skhul, Mt. Carmel. Journal of Archaeological Science 20:169–74. , H. Valladas, G. Valladas, J. L. Reyss, A. Jelinek, L. Meignen, and J. L. Joron. 1995. TL dates of burnt flints from Jelinek’s excavations at Tabun and their implications.
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These various assignments could provide an enormous range of possible ages, and it will probably be necessary to rely on direct dating to establish a realistic age for this important specimen. Current attempts center on gamma ray dating of the mandible (Simpson, Schwarcz, and Stringer, in progress) and direct ESR dating of an enamel flake from a mandibular molar (Grün and Stringer, in progress). While the skeleton is quite reasonably attributed to a Neandertal, its evolutionary position remains uncertain, but CT reconstruction on the whole skeleton (Zollikofer, Ponce de Leon, and Stringer, in progress) should help place the specimen more precisely within the known range of early and late Neandertal variation.