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By Raymond A. Bowman

We have Raymond Bowman's lengthy awaited variation of the Aramaic texts from Persepolis, unearthed in the course of the excursion via the collage of Chicago below Erich F. Schmidt among 1936 and 1938. Bowman has assembled vital information at the chronology of Persepolis in the course of the first 1/2 the 5th century B.C. from the non-public names and reputable titles indexed within the Aramaic texts. He indicates acumen in attacking yes textual difficulties, and his statement and advent give you the pupil with info invaluable for a formal realizing of this corpus of a few 2 hundred short, formulaic inscriptions written on a number of stone implements-mortars and pestles, plates and trays-found within the treasury at Persepolis. [From an editorial through Baruch A. Levine within the magazine of the yank Oriental Society ninety two (1972) 70-79].

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6 A number of Aramaic letters, dating from the same period, written on parchment and still inclosed in a leather pouch, were also discovered in Egypt. They had been written by the Persian Prince Arsames, the Egyptian satrap, to officials attending his estates in Egypt. 7 In the collection, which was apparently a relic of the famous Persian post, was a document that itself well attests the wide use of Aramaic by Achaemenid Persian officials. It is an Aramaic passport, addressed to Persian authorities at way-stations along the northern route from the East to Cilicia and Egypt, directing the granting of hospitality and rations to its bearers on the way.

32Schmidt, Persepolis II 55, n. 69. "3See pp. 56-57. 1 3 Cameron, PTT, p. 10a. 34For Daita-Mithra Nos. 9 and 13; for Baga-plta Nos. 19, 43-45, 47, 48, 51, 52, 95, 110. A broken text in which the name of the treasurer is lost (No. 119) probably belongs to the time of Baga-pita. Some incomplete texts also refer to Arachosia (Nos. 79, 123, 132, 155, and 162). edu THE OFFICIALS 29 Arachosia, more closely identifying the proper sphere of Dita-Mithra's activity, it is probable that the place name refers to his new post of assignment, since in that year he was replaced by Baga-pata.

29-30; Henning, in Handbuch der Orientalistik IV, Pt. 1, pp. 31 ff. 20Frye, Heritage, pp. 142-43. 19Haug, Parsis, p. 81. 1 2 But parchments presumably written in Persia have been preserved under more favorable conditions in Egypt; see nn. 6 and 7 above. 21 22 Schmidt, Persepolis I 173, Fig. 77c; also The Treasury of Persepolis ("Oriental Institute Communications," No. [Chicago, 1939]), pp. 27-31, 33 ff. 23Cameron, PTT, p. 27a. , pp. 18, 20, 23. , p. 30b. edu THE ARAMAIC TEXTS 19 But actual Aramaic texts written on lasting material were also found at Persepolis.

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